The oral hygiene is good not only for gums and teeth,but for the health of the whole body. Many studies proves the connection between oral diseases and heart diseases, diabetes, immune problems, gastrointestinal problems,pregnancy complications but also the poor oral health affects our cognitive capacities. How is that happening?
The mouth is rich with microorganisms which balance is very important for our health in general. The biggest enemy for our teeth and gums is dental plaque ,a thin sticky film of bacteria that cause gum and cavity diseases.With regular brushing and flossing as well as regular dental cleanings of tartar, the risk of getting bad bacteria in the body is smaller.
From the other side, bad oral hygiene first leads to bad breath, tooth discoloration, then to inflammation of gums, they became red, swollen and easily bleeding, next is inflammation of the periodontal attachment of the teeth and the alveolar bone called periodontitis that risults not only with loosing teeth but this is an active bacterial infection that has access to the whole body via the bloodstream and may affect many other vital systems, such as the cardiovascular and renal system.
For example,a group of Streptococci bacteria found in the mouth are producing a protein ,similar to fibrinogen (blood plasma protein responsible for normal blood clotting), that causes forming of clots and trombs! These clots are entering into the bloodstream and can provoke endocarditis or stroke!
We can reduce this bad influence of the dental plaque with good oral habits like:
Brushing at least twice a day or if this is not possible, chewing a sugarless gum after a meal will help to prevent teeth decay.
Flossing at least once a day, helps too remove the food between the teeth helping to keep healthy gums.
Avoiding snacks especially those reach with sugar.
Avoiding bad habits like smoking and nail biting.
Regular dental visits, twice a year!
Other useful tips for keeping your teeth and gums healthy are:
Using a proper brushing technique that takes at least 5-6 minutes.
Avoiding to much hot and to much cold drinks, especially to be careful after drinking a hot coffee not to brush your teeth right away and rinse with cold water because these changes of temperature in the mouth in short time cause microscopic cracks in the surface of the enamel , which eventually could create a bigger problem with your teeth.
Drinking fruit juices,rich with vitamin C ,is good for the immune system but not for the teeth! They contain acids that can dissolve the enamel which leads to sensitivity or dental erosion. Is recommended to use a straw and after drinking or after eating fruit, wash your mouth and teeth with water!
Using teeth as tools is very bad habit to many people! Trying to tear some packaging or to cut plastic tape is most common practice and this is a situation when teeth are in so called tete a tete position,that puts upper and lower incisor teeths at higher risk of cracking or injuring the jaws. The same thing goes for chewing on pencils, toothpicks , plastic spoons,straws etc.
At the end,small advice for all of you who play sport that involves you in contact with other people…Wear a mouth guard over your teeth! It will protect you from unexpected blow to the mouth!
The mouth is like a gate for the body,place where digestion begins, so with good oral hygiene we are closer to keep our body and our mind in good condition.