Causes of late periods when you are not pregnant!
When your period is late, maybe you will be very happy or you’ll have a panic attack! Women who try to stay pregnant will be delight about it, but all other will not be thrill at all.
Pregnancy is not the only reason for your period to be late.Many other causes may delay your period which is the most important thing for female reproduction. Here are some of them:
STRESS- stress have influence on hormones and their normal level in the body,so when the body is under constant stress for a long time it can result with late ovulation followed by late period. Life is full of stressful situations…. divorce, work issues, illness or death of loved ones, changing home etc.and in these situations the level of stress hormone called cortisol increases and affects the secretion of estrogen and progesterone, two main hormones for the menstrual cycle.
DRASTIC CHANGES OF BODY WEIGHT- gaining or loosing weight in a short time can be bad for your menstrual cycle. The fast but significant changes of body weight can provoke hormonal imbalance and consequently irregular periods. Big chances for late or missed periods have all women that are underweight as well as those who are overweight.
EATING DISORDERS- some conditions related to eating disorders like bulimia or anorexia,seriously affects the hormonal balance in the body or more specific the menstrual cycle.
EXCESSIVE EXERCISE- exercise is great for keeping your body and mind healthy, but if you are a woman,it must be moderate exercise. Physical stress caused by hard and intense exercise,very often disrupt the normal functioning of hormones. Irregular or no periods at all, for example is very common for female athletes.
AGE- women’s age two times is characterized by irregular periods: Puberty and Menopause. The most teenage girls have experience with irregular periods in the first year of their beginning. Sometimes the first period may come in early age and disappear , or may start later than in others,but in any case it takes time for hormones to settled down and there is no need for concern. Of course if periods haven’t started by age of 16,then is better to visit a doctor.
Perimenopause and menopause are conditions when also are noticed changes in menstrual cycle. Perimenopause is the time before menopause and in this phase of life the levels of estrogen and progesterone begin fluctuating which affects the periods, meaning that may have unusual cycle lengths or abnormal bleeding. The menopause starts after a year from the final menstruation.
CERTAIN MEDICAL CONDITIONS- there are some medical conditions that can be causes of irregular periods as: Thyroid disorders, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Endometriosis, Contraceptives, Diseases and Surgeries. Some medications and contraceptive pills may slow down the period,change the cycle length or in some cases can even completely interrupt the cycle.
PREGNANCY AND BREASTFEEDING- conditions where the absence of menstrual cycle is a quite normal. While breastfeeding, the level of prolactin hormone ( hormone which is also responsible for milk production) is very high and inhibits the ovulation and periods,at least for a while. Every mother have a different experience with breastfeeding and periods,but once menstruation returns it may continue to be irregular during breastfeeding. In situations when women is not breastfeeding but still have a high level of prolactin is necessary to find the reason for this because prolactin affects the FSH -follicle stimulating hormone, responsible for ovulation and fertility.
As you can see,there are many reasons for irregular periods and it is important to find the right one so you can decide whether you need appropriate healthcare or not.