The sunny days and spring diversification we are tempted to spend what more time in nature. But with the rise in temperatures they are increases the activity of ticks, which transmit various infectious diseases including Lyme disease. Therefore, it is important that we are informed about the symptoms of this disease and how to protect it from tick sting.
WHAT IS LYNAMIC DISEASE AND HOW CAN BE TRANSFORMED?
Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by bacteria that belong to the genus Borrelia: Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia garni and Borrelia afzeli. This disease of humans is transmitted through sting of an infected tick. That’s why the peak of spreading the disease is connects with the period when ticks are most active, i.e. from the beginning of the spring to the end of autumn. The bacteria reservoir can be various animals, including dogs, deer, cattle, birds, rodents, etc.
SYMPTOMS OF LYMSKAL DISEASE
The clinical picture of Lyme disease consists of 3 consecutive phases:
In the first phase, Erythema chronicum migrans occurs. This change can to occur 3 to 30 days after infection of the organism with the bacterium. It is a specific skin rash that does not cause itching. It is manifested as clearly circular or oval redness, with a protruding center, whose shape increases over a period of for several days or weeks, so it can reach a diameter of up to 20-30 centimeters. The rash most commonly occurs at the site of the sting and in the most cases of the lower limbs, more precisely on calf. As the infection spreads, a rash with a similar appearance it can also occur in other parts of the body. In addition to Erythema chronicum migrans, in the first phase they can also occur other symptoms like fever, swelling of the lymph nodes, stiff neck, headache, fatigue, fatigue and joint pain. If left untreated, this phase lasts for 3-4 weeks.
A few weeks or months after the primary stage (which manifests itself in the 50-70% of cases) there is a secondary stage. Symptoms include:
Skin manifestations similar to the first phase, but except in place of nausea, also occur in other parts of the body;
Articular manifestations – arthritis of the large joints;
Neurological manifestations – encephalitis, myelitis, meningitis, lesion of facial nerve and meningogradiculitis, accompanied by strong night pains the place of the sting; cardiac manifestations – (A-V block) inflammation of the myocardium and pericardium.
These symptoms in a patient may occur in isolation or in association.
The tertiary phase
If the disease is not treated before, the last and the same occurs the most serious tertiary phase of the disease. This phase is manifested in about 10% of the sick. Symptoms include:
Chronic atrophic act dermatitis;
Arrows, legs and backs;
Pain in the muscles and joints;
Inability to control the facial muscles.
HOW DOES THE LYMSKAL DISEASE CURVE?
Because it is a bacterial infectious disease, the treatment is antibiotic. Depending on the phase in which it is diagnosed disease, appropriate antibiotics (amoxicillin, doxycycline, ceftriaxone etc.). Antibiotics may be given orally (if disease is detected at an early stage) or parentally (if the disease is detected at a later stage).
In a small proportion of people with Lyme disease, after treatment, part of symptoms still persist. In this case, the further Antibiotic treatment usually does not produce results.
HOW TO PROTECT FRAUD ABUSE?
The best way to protect yourself from Lyme disease is to download appropriate preventive measures. Follow these tips when you go in nature:
Walk along clearly marked tracks and avoid moving in the landscape where it has a high grass.
Wear closed shoes.
If you have long hair, do not leave it running.
If you walk through the forest or grassy surfaces, wear bright clothes with long sleeves and trousers so you can easily see them tickle. Drag the blouse into your trousers, and socks over trousers.
Put a detergent against ticks on clothing and socks. NOTE: And in spite of their effectiveness, these funds can cause serious consequences side effects, especially if they reach high concentrations. Are not recommended to be used in children and babies. After completing the activity in nature, be sure to check it the whole body has accidentally attached a tick. Besides the body, thoroughly check the clothes.
After examining the body, immediately take a shower. Wash your hair well with shampoo if you suspect it exists danger of having a tick attached.
The councils should especially be practiced by pregnant women, because infection can be transmitted to the fetus, and thus there is probability of spontaneous abortion.
The infected tick transmits human disease to the moment when it will start eating from the blood. It usually happens after 24 hours of attachment. It is therefore very important after the activity in nature, make a complete body revision and if attached tick, immediately remove.
NOTE: Lyme disease has variable symptomatology from one to another patient. The clinical picture mimics a wide range of others diseases. Therefore, if you have tick sting, visit a doctor, with in order to make appropriate laboratory tests and if so necessary, to conduct appropriate treatment.