We all know how important is water for the life of every organism in the world. More than 60% of the human body is actually water contained in the cells of many organs like: brain, lungs, heart, skin, muscles, kidneys etc. Every day humans must consume from 2.2 to 3 liters of water to keep the essential functions of the body normal. Babies and kids have more water than adults and men have more than women. Fat people have less water than people with normal weight. However all of them, must take enough water to enable their normal functioning because the water:
• Regulates the internal body temperature by respiration and sweating.
• Transports all nutrients into the bloodstream and the blood after brings them to cells of all organs.
• Helps in removing waste products through urination.
• Lubricates joints.
• Acts like shock absorber for fetus, brain and spinal cord.
• Forms saliva.
If you don’t drink enough water, especially during hot weather, exercising, loosing fluids as a consequence of vomiting or diarrhea, dehydration may occur! There are three types of dehydration: mild, moderate and severe.
Symptoms of mild dehydration are:
– Dark yellow urine.
– Decreased urination (in babies, no wet diaper for more than 3 hours and no tears when crying).
Symptoms of moderate dehydration are:
– Dry mouth, tongue and throat.
– Dry skin.
– Muscle cramps.
– Increased breathing rate.
– In babies, soft spot on the top of the head.
Symptoms of severe dehydration are:
– Sunken eyes.
– Unconsciousness or even shock.
– Increased heart rate.
– Low blood pressure.
– Dry, shriveled skin.
– Not urinating or very dark yellow urine with strong smell.
– Loss of muscle tone.
– Babies are to weak to cry.
– Lack of sweating.
Mild and moderate dehydration can be treated in home conditions while the severe, it’s best to be under medical supervision. How to rehydrate the body?
– Drink a lot of water or sport drinks with electrolytes.
– Drink any kind of tea, hot or iced it doesn’t matter.
– Juices are also good choice for rehydration particularly vegetable juices because of low sugars, while from fruits it’s best to drink orange and lemon juice because of the high amount of electrolytes.
– Milk and yogurt are also great choice, especially if dehydration is result of vomiting or diarrhea because they are rich in calcium, potassium, magnesium, vitamins D and B and don’t forget the beneficial probiotics contained in yogurt, the best friends of our digestive system.
– Drinking coconut water can also be very hydrating drink. Contains electrolytes and it’s low in calories and sugar.
Our last suggestion for treating mild and moderate dehydration is drinking rice water, which can be easily made at home, it’s very efficient and suitable for everyone, including kids and older people. Learn how to prepare:
Rice water for rehydration:
Bring to a boil 4 cups of water and let it cool down. In another saucepan put 1 cup of rice and add 6 cups of water. Bring the rice to a boil and cook on medium heat for 30-40 minutes. Stir occasionally and when the rice is cooked, strain it out! The leftover water is highly concentrate rice water, rich in many minerals and B vitamins. Next, from the previous cooked water (4 cups) pour out ½ cup of water and add 1/3 cup of the concentrate rice water and 2 tablespoons of honey. Mix everything well and drink in small amounts 1 or 2 tablespoons every half an hour, while for kids 1-2 teaspoons every 15 minutes.
This water increases energy and is very useful for every condition of physical weakness, provides the optimum hydration and speeds up the healing process of the body. It’s good for healthy people too, especially during long and hot summer. Prevents not only dehydration, but protects your body from viral infections, constipation and from harmful UV sunrays.
Drinking one glass of rice water in the morning is excellent choice to start your day!